Query Builder

When you click on the Create Query button, you will see ZettaBlock’s Query Builder. The Query Builder is for you to access and analyze data.

Query Builder has three components:

NameShort Description
Data ExplorerChoose the data source: DATABASE , TABLE
Query WindowInput and execute Presto SQL code
Query ResultsSee the query results and add new visualizations based on the results

1. Data Explorer

Data explorer is on the left side of the page, which allows you to explore blockchain and other data you are looking for. It has three key parts: DATABASE, TABLE and COLUMNS.


Databases is a collection of tables that usually come from the same data source or contain the same level of information, It’s grouped into 3 categories:

  • Chain data: chain-specific data, such as data from Ethereum, Arbitrum etc, usually low-level raw data.
  • Abstraction data: Business-level abstraction for projects and sectors built on top of raw-level data, such as NFT trades which aggregates data across multiple NFT platforms into one simple table; those tables can be used to directly answer domain-specific questions without any aggregations.
  • Project data: project-specific decoded contract calls and events data stored in easy-to-use tables, such as events from Uniswap, Aave, etc.


Tables are organized under each database. For example, under “Ethereum_mainnet”, there are tables about Blocks, Contracts, Transactions, Logs, ERC20, etc. You can find more information in Data Models.

Note, for blockchain data such as “ethereum_mainnet.logs”, you can find both the raw on-chain data and decoded data inside:

ClassShort DescriptionExamples
Blockchain DataIt includes both raw on-chain data comparable to Etherscan or Polygonscan, and also decoded human-readable data. 

The raw data is stored in a column named input (a long HEX value), and we decoded it into the following five columns in the table:
• func_name
• func_signature
• argument_names
• argument_types
• argument_values
For example, one record in the column input of the table ethereum_mainnet.transactions: 0xa9059cbb000000000000000000000000ffec0067f5a79cff07527

has been decoded to the following five columns in the same table:

func_name: transfer
func_signature: transfer(address _to, uint256 _value)
argument_names: [to, _value]
argument_types: [address, uint256]
argument_values: [0xFfec0067F5a79CFf07527f63D83dD5462cCf8BA4, 1749443445640000000000].


Columns represent fields within each table from selected table. The info displayed includes  column names and data types. For example, the columns under erc20_tokens are contract_address, symbol, and decimals. The contract_address‘s data type is varchar.

For more detailed info on data, such as data availability, data organization, and field definition, please refer to Data Models


We’ve built some handy features to make it easier to create SQL scripts.


You can click the Preview button to preview the table without writing code

Insert full basic SQL

You can insert the full basic SQL query into the Query Window by clicking this button.

Insert table name

You can insert the table name into the Query Window by clicking this button.

Add column name

You can add the column name by clicking the column name, or the comma button to include an additional “,”.

2. Query Window

Query Window is the place where you write and execute your SQL script.

Run & Cancel Query

You can click the Run button to execute the SQL script, and click the Cancel button to cancel a running query.


Parameters can be used to simplify your SQL script. For example, you can add a parameter ‘x’ in the query to represent the number of days. To know the data for the past 10 days, you can enter 10 in the parameter bar, and later change it to another value to see results from other ranges.

To use it specifically, click +PARAMETER button to add a parameter in the query. You can name your parameter and change the value.


  • parameters can further be used in dashboards.
  • parameters are also supported in API builder (more on this soon!).


For long and nested query, you can click the Format button to make it easier to read.

Text to SQL

Text to SQL can be used to generate SQL automatically from a text description, it’s still in Alpha and mainly for simple SQL generation. Note, users need to select a database and table first before translating text to SQL.

Cache TTL (Time to Live)

Cache TTL is the amount of time the end-users browser cache a query result for the chart. Only the owner of the query can configure it to set an auto-refresh interval. For example, if you are the owner of the query and set it to 24 hours, then a dashboard with charts built on top of this query will automatically refresh the charts every 24 hours.

3. Query Results

Query Results is the place where results are displayed, and you can further export the data and create visualizations.

Results Actions

  • Download: download results in CSV format; only available for table charts.
  • Embed: embed result charts in other web pages; available for any charts.
  • Copy: copy results to your clipboard in CSV format; only available for table charts.

Query history

It can be used to see the detailed logs of query history, including STARTED, DURATION, ROWS, SQL.

There’re 2 actions you can:

  • Open a new window: will open a new window with this script.
  • Copy to your pad: will copy the script into your pad, so you can further edit it.


You can click New Visualization to add different visualizations based on your query results, for example, create a bar chart, etc. For detail on visualization, check Charts.

4. Save Query

When saving a query, you will see this popup window where you can edit the Title, Description, Privacy setting for this query.

After saving it, this setting will be displayed above the query editor:

  • Setting: general settings include query title, description, and privacy.
  • Publish: make your query visible tothe community.
  • Delete: delete this query.
  • Star: shows how many people starred this query; you can click the button to add this query to your favorite list, so you can easily find it later on,
  • Fork: replicate this query into your space, so you can edit and execute it directly
  • Share: copy the link so you can share it with your friends.

5. Exploring your Queries: Efficient Filtering

Take advantage of the filtering feature by clicking the "Filter" bar at the top of the Query, API, or Dashboard list page.

Apply criteria like name, creator, or keywords to refine your search.

The list defaults to showing only your own creations - adjust the filters to explore content from others.